EMS-type variants from sequenced tetraploid (cv ‘Kronos’) and hexaploid (cv ‘Cadenza’) TILLING populations were added to Ensembl Plants.
Researchers and breeders can search this database online, identify mutations in the different copies of their target gene, and request seeds to study gene function or improve wheat varieties. Seeds can be requested from the UK SeedStor (https://www.seedstor.ac.uk/shopping-cart-tilling.php) or from the US-based Dubcovsky lab (http://dubcovskylab.ucdavis.edu/wheat-tilling).
Ensembl Bacteria has been updated to include the latest versions of 44,039 genomes (43,552 bacteria and 494 archaea) from the INSDC archives.
Three species make their Ensembl Metazoa debut: a bdelloid rotifer arrives to represent the Rotifera phylum; the rather attractive (and destructive) Asian long-horned beetle joins our existing Coleoptera (one of which, the red flour beetle, was updated to the latest assembly and gene set in this release); and the Hessian fly, a crop pest, was lured in by all that lovely wheat in Ensembl Plants. The sponge, Amphimedon queenslandica, has also been updated to the latest gene set.
Ortholog metrics were calculated and used to determine a set of "high confidence" orthologs. The metrics included congruence with whole genome alignments and (for closely related species) gene order conservation.
This release of Ensembl Plants includes an updated version of the Sorghum genome and an updated gene build for Zea mays. Additionally EMS variation data has been added for wheat, and QTL data for rice.
This protists release includes new variation data for Phaeodactylum tricornutum generated from 10 ecotypes.