Amborella trichopoda is a small, tropical shrub endemic to New Caledonia. As the only living species on the sister lineage to all other flowering plants, it is an important reference for studying plant evolution.

This release of Ensembl Plants includes version AMTR1.0 of the Amborella genome sequence. The assembly and gene models were produced by the Amborella Genome Project.

A new comparative analysis of the A, B and D genomes of hexaploid bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) has allowed us to call orthology relationships between the component genomes, identifying the so called homoeologous genes. Click here for example.

Relationships between the component genomes can now also be browsed in our new region comparison view. Click here for example.

In collaboration with Gramene we have imported five new rice genomes produced by the OMAP project, Oryza barthii, glumaepatula, meridionalis, nivara and punctata into Ensembl Plants. The OMAP project aims to understand the evolution, physiology and biochemistry of Oryza, complementing the existing genomes in Ensembl Plants.

Onchocerca volvulus is a filarial nematode parasite of humans that causes Onchocerciasis ("river blindness", or "Robles disease"), a severely debilitating neglected tropical disease which affects over 37 million people. The disease is transmitted to humans by the bite of the Simulian black flies that live and breed near fast-flowing rivers.

The O. volvulus genome has been sequenced by the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, and annotated by WormBase. Read more about the assembly and annotation here.

This release sees the inclusion three new Schizosaccharomyces genomes S. cryophiluis, S. japonicus and S. octosporus. Along with reference genome sequence and annotations, pairwise DNA alignments between all 4 Schizosaccharomyces species are now available.

The red fire ant is a new denizen of Ensembl Metazoa, and the honey bee, jewel wasp, and leaf-cutter ant genomes have all been updated with the latest assemblies and gene sets.

new metazoa for EG 21

"Assembly mappings", providing linkage between the coordinate systems used in different versions of a genome assembly, are now available for all eukaryotic species whose assembly has (at some point) been updated in Ensembl Genomes. These mappings can be accessed using the Perl API or REST service, or via the assembly converter in the web interface, which performs "liftover" of features from one version of an assembly to another. This service is now available for plants, metazoa, fungi and protists.

Ensembl Genomes is developed by EMBL-EBI and is powered by Ensembl software system for the analysis and visualisation of genomic data. For details of our funding please click here.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) are now available for all domains of Ensembl Genomes. Have a question? Check if it's been asked before! If there is a FAQ missing, contact us.

What's New in Release 22 (April 2014)

Ensembl Bacteria has been updated to include the latest versions of 11,010 genomes (10,760 bacteria and 250 archaea) from the INSDC archives.

Protein orthology data has been used to project GO annotation from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe to all other fungal species.

One new species has been added to Ensembl Metazoa, Onchocerca volvulus the parasitic nematode which causes the 'river blindness' disease and several other species have been updated: Caenorhabditis elegans (nematode worm), Aedes aegypti (yellow fever mosquito), Bombyx mori (silkworm), Daphnia pulex (common water flea), Nematostella vectensis (starlet sea anemone).

A new comparative analysis of the component A, B and D genomes of hexaploid bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) has allowed us to call orthology relationships between the three component genomes, identifying the so-called homoeologous genes. Click here for example. Homoeologous relationships between the component genomes can now also be browsed in our new region comparison view. Click here for example.

In collaboration with Gramene we have imported five new rice genomes produced by the OMAP project, Oryza barthii, glumaepatula, meridionalis, nivara and punctata into Ensembl Plants. The OMAP project aims to understand the evolution, physiology and biochemistry of Oryza, complementing the existing genomes in Ensembl Plants.

This release sees the inclusion of two additional plant genomes: Amborella trichopoda, the only living species on the sister lineage to all other flowering plants, and Peach (Prunus persica), an economically important fruit crop and a representative of the diverse and important Rosaceae family.

Finally, we have added new variation data for Sorghum bicolor based on the sorghum association panel (SAP), providing 265 thousand SNPs for 378 SAP lines (Morris et. al. 2013).

Six new genomes were added to Ensembl Protists, including five plant pathogens, the parasitic oomycotes, Pythium aphanidermatum , Pythium arrhenomanes, Pythium irregulare, Pythium iwayamai and Pythium vexans. The addition of Bigelowiella natans expands the taxonomic coverage of Ensembl Protists to Rhizaria.

Release notes from previous releases